UNESCO

Bohemia

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Prague – The Mother of Cities

This town remembers hundreds years of history. It is home to a big number of very precious treasures such as historical buildings, monuments, churches or chapels. Thanks to this huge amount of priceless architectural treasures, the whole historical centre was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. No one can name all the monuments, the most famous ones are the Old Town Square, Wenceslas Square, Charles Bridge, Lesser Town, Prague Castle, St. Nicholas Church, The Jewish Town etc.

In Prague, you meet history on every corner; you can walk through the narrow streets of the Jewish quarter, visit the National Gallery, see the exquisite churches or just go through the uncountable shops and little galleries. Do not miss any of the sublime musical and theatre performances or concerts and savour the evenings in quiet restaurants with Czech cuisine. Nobody will be disappointed; Prague has enough magic for everyone.

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Český Krumlov – Historical Town

A picturesque town situated in deep valley of the Vltava river in Southern Bohemia. The historical centre is on the UNESCO Heritage List. The period of its greatest prosperity was in the times of rule of the Rožmberk family. Český Krumlov is an exceptional complex of three hundred historical buildings. Besides a number of historical monuments, the pride of Český Krumlov is an open-air theatre with a rotating auditorium  – the only one of its kind in Europe.

holasoviceHolašovice – Rural Museum

A beautiful village, 15 km west of České Budějovice, with the best folk baroque country houses and barns in South Bohemia. The village was first mentioned in the mid-13th century during the period of the colonising movements in the South Bohemian border region. The 19th century buildings are characteristically decorated and painted in various colours, grouped around the central area with a chapel and a goose pond. Folk festivals are still celebrated there and each spring a Maypole is erected in the village square.

kutna horaKutná Hora – Mining Town

In the Middle Ages, this town used to be the richest one in Bohemia because of rich silver mines. Wenceslas IV King of Bohemia, resided here at the turn of 14th century and had the famous Prague Groschen minted here. The Italian court is worth a visit. The main town dominants are the Gothic Church of St. James and the Church of St. Barbara, the latter dedicated to the Patron Saint of miners. Besides many other historical buildings and remains of the town fortifications, there is a very interesting ossuary in the near village Sedlec, the interior of which is made entirely of human bones coming from a serious plague epidemic. The visitors can also choose from a variety of cultural events and music festivals held in Kutná Hora.

Moravia

vila tugendhatBrno – Villa Tugendhat

First monument of the modern architecture in the Czech Republic and only the fourth one worldwide honoured by entering under the UNESCO protection. This jewel of functionalist architecture between two World Wars a glassed-in villa built in a slope above the town of Brno was designed in 1928 by famous German architect Ludwig Miese van der Rohe. Using a steel frame without load-bearing walls allowed the architect to create the new and informal concept of an open and variable space that is connected with its natural surroundings.

Olomouc – Holy Trinity Column

Olomouc used to be the capital of Moravia its time, the seat of bishops since 1063 and after Prague it is the second largest reservation of precious monuments. This memorial column, which stands in the middle of the main square, built in the early years of the 18th century, is the most distinguished example of a type of monuments that is specific to central Europe.

This beautiful monument is in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The column is clad in the characteristic regional style known as ‘Olomouc Baroque’ and it rises to a height of 35 m, the column is decorated with several religious sculptures, the work of the outstanding Moravian artist Ondřej Zahner.

kroměřížKroměříž – Castle and its gardens

The town of Kroměříž was firstly settled as a market village at the crossroads of trading routes. It became the property of the Bishops of Olomouc at the time of the church colonisation in the first half of the 12th century. Each year Koměříž hosts a number of music festivals, exhibitions, conferences and congresses. The chateau gardens and the chateau itself were inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1998. The chateau was commissioned in the early 17th century and has represented a unique Central European baroque princely residence. The neighbouring garden is called the Podzamecká garden, which is placed under the chateau in a natural English-style landscape and there is also an early baroque flower garden.

Lednice 4Lednice – Valtice Area

A large complex of rivers, canals, ponds and parks surrounding the Valtice and Lednice Castles. For its beauty it is often nicknamed Garden of Europe or Garden of Paradise. The baroque Valtice Castle is known for its famous wine cellars, where wine has been aged for centuries. It is also the seat of the oldest vintner school in the Czech Republic. In the second half of the 17th century, the Lichtenstein noble family had moved to their new baroque residence in Lednice. They had improved its park with the Orangerie and several Romantic structures, among then the Hardtmuth minaret and an artificial ruins of John`s castle. In the 19th century, the interiors were refurbished in the neo-Gothic style. The Lednice lakes are included in the list of international ornithological reserves.

trebicTřebíč – Jewish Town

The town of Třebíč dates back to the year 1101 when a Benedictine monastery was settled here. Třebíč is a natural centre of South-West Moravian region. Besides its wonderful surrounding and many religious monuments the town can boasts Jewish cultural heritage of a big significance. In the 19th century there were more than 1 700 Jewish people. Authentic houses connected with dark passages and divided by narrow lanes create the colourful and bizarre unit. This mysterious atmosphere makes this place truly attractive to customers. You can find there an old synagogue from the 17th century and the old cemetery with 3 000 tombstones.

telčTelč – Historical Town

The UNESCO reservation with an intact Renaissance inner town, beautiful Renaissance Castle and unique Baroque houses. The plague pillar and a Baroque fountain give the square its typical appearance and native with the recently renovated arcade houses form an unforgettable view for visitors. Many music festivals take place in the town during the year, as chamber and classical music concerts, Horácký folklore festival or Holiday in Telč, the summer festival of folk ensembles. The architecture and art lovers would appreciate the Baroque Holy Name of Jesus Church and Romanesque Church of the Holy Spirit from the early 13th century. There is also a gallery of an outstanding Czech modern painter Jan Zrzavý in the little castle garden.

Zelená HoraŽďár nad Sázavou – Zelená Hora Monument

This town was originally a market village, settled on a cross of ancient routes. In 1252 the Cistercian monastery was established here. Nowadays the city hosts many cultural and social events. It offers tourist also a whole range of active recreation options as it is surrounded by a beautiful landscape.

Near the town, you can find the Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk. The hill, where the church was built, is called Zelená Hora and it was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. This impressive religious building dates back to the 18th century. It is one of the best projects of an outstanding Czech architect called Jan Blažej Santini-Aichl(1677-1723). The church is clad in the “Baroque-gothic” style. Architect had used special geometrical rules during the construction, so the building is specific also for its rare shape.

Litomyšl – Town of Culture

Litomyšl was settled on the cross of the old trade routes that had connected Bohemian and Moravian regions during the 10th and 11th centuries. The main square is one of the longest in the Czech Republic and it is surrounded by Renaissance and Baroque houses with arcades. Other significant feature of the city is the Renaissance castle from the 16th century clad in the plaster decorated with many examples of sgraffitos. This castle in a chateau style is on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1999. This town is also a birthplace of the famous composer Bedřich Smetana. Thanks to this uniqueness, the city hosts a music festival every year dedicated right to this fabulous musician.

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